In 2007 when China’s Exim Bank unveiled a massive $6 billion mining deal in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, it completely rocked the normally-staid world of international development finance. The agreement, known as “The China Deal” or Sicomines, was among the first of these huge Chineese infrastructure-for-resources deals that are now commonplace across Africa.
Ten years ago, though, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were pretty much the only players that threw around that kind of cash in countries like the DRC. So when the Chinese came along with the Sicomines deal, many observers saw it as a direct challenge to the IMF’s once unrivaled dominance of international development finance in places like the Congo.
While a feared Chinese-IMF rivalry did not ultimately materialize, “The China Deal” did create a lot of problems. The IMF responded defensively, according to new research from Sino-Congolese scholar Dr. Johanna Malm at Roskilde University in Denmark. Fearing they might be pushed aside by the Chinese, the IMF opted to make it easier for the Congolese government to borrow yet more money, adding to Kinshasa’s already dangerously-high debt load.
Dr. Malm joins Eric & Cobus to discuss “The China Deal” and why the IMF’s missteps in the Congo produced costly-consequences for an already financially-distressed government.
- The China Africa Project: Backgrounder on China’s landmark Sicomines deal in the DRC by Eric Olander
- The China Africa Project: China’s massive mining deal in the DRC is back on track by Eric Olander and Cobus van Staden
About Dr. Johanna Malm
Dr. Johanna Malm has researched the Chinese presence in Africa since 2008. She has held researcher positions at the Centre for Chinese Studies at Stellenbosch University in South Africa, and at the Department of Social Sciences and Business at Roskilde University in Denmark. Malm has conducted fieldwork in the DRC, Gabon and Uganda and has been a visiting scholar at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing. In 2016, she defended her PhD thesis on the Chinese challenge to the IMF’s power in Africa.